Everything You’ve Asked About Linen

in BLOG

Linen clothes in Australia are super popular. It is the favourite textile of many people because it’s very comfortable and highly absorbent, which makes it a fresh, optimal choice to wear in hot weather. Linen is also resistant and dries faster than cotton, which makes linen clothes the perfect choice for those who are looking for sustainable clothing in Australia.

Even though linen is very popular, most people don’t know how the production process works or even where it comes from. If you would like to learn more about linen, here are the most common questions answered for you.

What is linen made from?

Linen is a natural textile derived from the fibres of the flax plant. Yes, the same one that produces those highly nutritious flax seeds!

These beautiful blue flowers thrive in temperate climates and rich soils. Thus, the highest quality linen comes from Europe, especially from Belgium.

Flax plants with beautiful blue flowers before being turned into linen

The flax fibres are very strong, which gives linen its high resistance and allows the production of clothing in a variety of different textures. As linen fibres are thicker than cotton fibres, a lower thread count is necessary to guarantee high quality, enduring linen fabric and contributing to its sustainability. Linen fabrics often feel more crisp initially, and become soft and supple to the touch through time and use.

Linen is one of the oldest textiles used in the world. It is said that European peoples were using woven linen fabrics dating back over 30,000 years! In ancient Egypt, they used linen for mummification and for burial shrouds.

How is linen harvested?

From harvesting the flax plants to obtaining the end fabric, there is a long and laborious process, which is why linen tends to be more expensive than cotton.

Besides where the flax plants come from and its growing conditions, the quality of the finished linen product also depends on the harvesting techniques.

Flax is hand-harvested in order to generate the longest possible fibres. This is achieved either by pulling up the entire plant or cutting the stalks close to the root.

How is linen produced?

After harvesting, the flax plants are dried. Then, the seeds are removed mechanically, in a process called “rippling” (threshing) and winnowing. 

The next step is to loosen the fibres from the stalk through retting - a process which uses bacteria to decompose the pectin that binds the fibres together. Retting can be done either naturally or chemically. Natural retting methods take place in tanks, pools or directly in the fields. 

Chemical retting methods are a lot faster but are harmful to the environment, so if you are looking for linen ethical clothes, ‌ensure that the manufacturers use natural retting, producing organic linen. At Velvety, we make sure that all the brands we work with use natural linen production methods that are eco-friendly.

After retting, the manufacturers remove the woody portion of the stalks by crushing them between two metal rollers, in a process called scutching. The parts of the stalk are separated and the fibres are removed. The linseed, shives and tow are set aside for other uses.

Next, the fibres are heckled, using heckling combs to remove the short fibres. Only the strong, long fibres are kept, which will be spun into yarns and woven or knit into linen textiles.

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Linen Clothing 

The finished linen textiles can be bleached, dyed, printed on, or finished with a variety of treatments or coatings. The textile is turned into the clothing pieces we love: from t-shirts and dresses to bed sheets and covers. 

Our favourite are linen dresses: a comfortable, fresh, smooth option to make you rock in hot weather, or combine with warmer pieces for a unique style in winter. With Velvety, you can buy sustainable linen dresses in Australia, including our marvellous linen wrap dresses.

Now that you know all about the manufacture of linen, you should know how to take good care of your linen clothing to make it last forever!

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How to wash linen

Linen clothing can be both hand washed and machine washed. To machine wash linen, separate colours and use lukewarm water (<40°C/104°F). Use the gentle machine cycle and don’t overload the washing machine. Use mild detergent for delicate fabrics.

Linen bedding should be washed in cold water on a gentle cycle and can be tumble dried on delicate and low heat.

 

Does linen shrink when washed?

If you follow the instructions above, you won’t stretch or shrink your linens. If you do experience damage during wash, it may be related to the quality of the fabric or chemicals involved if it’s not organic linen.

You should make sure you use soft, not too hot water. Linen does not stretch or elongate and keeps the clothing in good conditions even after routine washes, hanging and ironing.

 

Should you buy linen clothing?

It's definitely worth investing in high-quality linen clothing since it’s one of the most environmentally friendly options and guarantees that your clothes will last you a long time. Linen is easy to care for and doesn't need expensive dry cleaning. It might tend to wrinkle more than cotton, but a quick iron when damp is enough to keep it neat.

At Velvety, you can buy the most sustainable and natural linen clothes in Australia.

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